The Third Eye News, events and happenings

” For some years, a village school has been run by Salesian

April 9, 2013

An isolated yet imperiled Amazon tribe

canada goose black friday sale The Yanomami, the largest Indian tribe living in relative isolation in the Amazon Basin, have for millennia occupied a vast stretch of tropical rainforest in northern Brazil and southern Venezuela. Of the estimated 40,000 Yanomami, around two thirds live in Brazil, where a landmark presidential decree in 1992 recognized them as rightful owners of a reserve the size of Portugal in two northern states, Roraima and Amazonas. canada goose black friday sale

canada goose clearance Yet, despite this official protection, alarmed by canada goose outlet germany reports that the tribe’s survival is again at risk, the Brazilian photographer Sebastio Salgado recently traveled to the Yanomami region for the third time in three decades. Indians face threats across Brazil, he said in an interview, but none more than the Yanomami, whose land is coveted by small and medium sized mining companies and large farming enterprises with canada goose outlet black friday political clout. canada goose clearance

buy canada goose jacket The communities portrayed in these photographs Demini, 160 miles south west of Boa Vista, the capital of Roraima state; and canada goose outlet black friday sale Maturac, 180 miles farther west, in the state canada goose outlet florida of Amazonas, at the foot canada goose outlet locations in toronto of the Pico da Neblina, Brazil’s highest mountain carry the scars of the two worst man made disasters to have struck the Yanomami since they canada goose outlet ontario were first contacted a century ago. buy canada goose jacket

canada goose store In the mid 1970s, with Brazil’s military regime eager to develop the Amazon Basin, a northern section of canada goose outlet toronto the trans Amazonian highway reached into Yanomami territory, introducing influenza, measles and malaria and resulting in thousands of deaths. Although the highway was later abandoned, survivors of 13 decimated communities came together to build a new village at Demini. canada goose store

Canada Goose Outlet Maturac, in contrast, was engulfed in a gold rush in the late 1980s which canada goose outlet parka attracted over 35,000 freelance gold diggers to traditional Yanomami lands, not only bringing new diseases but also using violence against Indians and poisoning their rivers canada goose outlet uk with the mercury they used to separate gold from mud. Once more, uncounted thousands of Indians died. Canada Goose Outlet

buy canada goose jacket cheap After the 1992 presidential decree, which recognized the Yanomami’s “original right” to their land, all outsiders were evicted from the reserve by the army, police and the Brazilian Indian Foundation, known by its Portuguese acronym of Funai. buy canada goose jacket cheap

canada goose coats Today, a new bill pending before Brazil’s Chamber of Deputies would proclaim a “public interest” in allowing Indian reserves to be used for farming, mining, oil and gas pipelines, hydroelectric dams, human settlements and military operations. The bill, already approved by the Senate, is strongly opposed by Indian rights and environmental groups and Funai, canada goose outlet canada which forms part of the federal Canada Goose Outlet Store government. canada goose coats

canada goose clearance The Yanomami represent a single ethnic group, albeit speaking four different languages, with about 26,000 Yanomami occupying the 37,260 square mile reserve in canada goose kensington parka uk Brazil and another 16,000 inside Venezuela, where they enjoy some protection in the canada goose outlet hong kong 31,600 square mile Alto Orinoco Casiquiare Biosphere Reserve. The Indian canada goose parka outlet Foundation says there are also numerous uncontacted Yanomami communities living deep inside the canada goose jacket outlet uk rainforest. canada goose clearance

Canada Goose sale Salgado, 70, who previously canada goose outlet uk sale visited Yanomami villages in 1984 and 1998, said he now saw many signs of outside influence. In Demini, villagers still live in a communal roundhouse and feed themselves through hunting, fishing and traditional canada goose outlet nyc farming. But while 30 years ago everyone was naked, he said, young canada goose outlet online uk men now wear shorts. Villagers are a 30 minute walk from a Funai outpost and an air strip and one community leader, Davi Kopenawa, frequently travels across Brazil and to international conferences as a Yanomami and Indian movement spokesman. Canada Goose sale

canada goose clearance sale Salgado planned his trip to Demini to coincide with a funerary ceremony for a young tribesman who died in a hunting accident a year earlier. The ceremony, which took months of canada goose outlet kokemuksia planning, brought Indians from villages as far as 60 miles away, with Demini’s population briefly quadrupling canada goose jacket outlet sale to about 500, all of whom slept in the traditional roundhouse. canada goose clearance sale

buy canada goose jacket The ceremony lasted two weeks “until all the food and drink had been consumed,” Salgado noted and involved not only feasting on smoked monkeys, but also dancing, a great deal of drinking of a fermented fruit juice known as “pupunha” and the use of a hallucinogenic powder called “ykoana,” canada goose uk site which local shamans blow through a pipe into men’s nostrils. buy canada goose jacket

canada goose store In Maturac, where older men remember working as porters for gold diggers 25 years ago, the communal roundhouse has now been replaced by individual huts. “Many canada goose outlet store near me of the men wear trousers and use canada goose premium outlet shoes or rubber boots,” Salgado said, “although for ceremonies they revert to tradition and paint their bodies.” For some years, a village school has been run by Salesian missionaries, although only few of the Yanomami whom Salgado recently met there spoke any Portuguese. canada goose store

canada goose deals Salgado’s trip to Maturac, which was also only possible with Funai’s permission, involved a different adventure. “I’d photographed the Pico da Neblina from the air, but I also knew that the Yanomami considered it a sacred mountain, home to many of their guiding spirits,” he said. “My ambition was to climb the mountain with the Yanomami.” canada goose deals

buy canada goose jacket cheap “First an important shaman asked the spirits for clement weather,” he said, noting that the 10,000 foot high Pico da canada scrubsuniforms goose outlet in chicago Neblina means Mist Peak canada goose outlet orlando in English. “I was accompanied by 20 Yanomami, including two shamans. It took us four days in very slippery conditions to reach a plateau at about 7,200 feet. canada goose factory outlet Finally, nine of us made it to the top. The whole trip took 15 days and for not one moment were we dry.” buy canada goose jacket cheap.

Subscribe to our Newsletter!

Get occasional updates about West 3rd St. news, events, and promotions.

Your information will never be shared with any third party.