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December 21, 2013

Will a tunnel from Spain to Africa ever be built

canada goose factory sale It is one of those concepts that has always seemed theoretically possible, so short is the distance between A and B and yet, equally, like a flight of fantasy from a Jules Verne novel, unrealistic beyond the realms of imagination. canada goose factory sale

uk canada goose outlet It floats between the two extremes wholly conceivable on the drawing board, and yet, also, the engineering equivalent of a dragon or a unicorn in the simple facts of nuts and bolts. So near, but also, so far. uk canada goose outlet

canada goose What is this canada goose outlet parka referring to? To the cluster of cranes on the horizon that has long been mooted, but never attempted a tunnel that runs underneath the Strait of Gibraltar. As Verne himself put it in his sub aqua canada goose outlet online spectacular Twenty Thousand Leagues Under The Sea, “it was obvious that the matter had to be settled, and evasions were distasteful to me.” canada goose

canada goose coats on sale So it has proved this week, canada goose outlet with fresh murmurings as to how, why and when such a blast from canada goose premium outlet the future could be created. Remarks, initially reported in the Andalusian newspaper Diaro de Cadiz attributed to the Spanish planning group SECEGSA, and its president Rafael Garca Monge Fernndez have suggested that not only is the idea of a “land” link between Spain and Morocco feasible, it is a proposal where wheels are beginning to turn. To the point that the number of drills needed to carve out the thing, and the cost of making them, has already been assessed. SECEGSA’s research has figured that the length of this construction would be 24 miles (38.67km) in total, with 17.2 miles (27.75km) cocooned below the seabed. canada goose outlet factory canada goose coats on sale

canada goose black friday sale If these numbers sound plausible, it is canada goose outlet niagara falls because they are. The Channel Tunnel stretches out for 31.35 miles (50.45km), with 23.5 miles (37.8km) of its https://www.canadagoosejacketsoutsale.com structure submerged while the Seikan Tunnel, which connects the Japanese islands of Honshu and Hokkaido, extends to 33.46 canada goose outlet price miles (53.85km), with 14.5 miles (23.3km) of its torso ebbing below the Tsugaru Strait. It is not for pie in the sky engineering reasons that a tunnel between Europe and Africa does not yet exist. canada goose black friday sale

Canada Goose Outlet So why hasn’t it happened? The first and obvious matter is one of finance. Canada Goose Outlet

canada goose clearance But its latest musings, and its dismissal of an earlier estimate of an overall cost of 8billion as utterly wide of the mark (“that figure has nothing to do with reality,” Fernndez said this week), mean that broader funding from the European Union, as well canada goose outlet toronto location as private finance, will be essential. And that canada goose outlet near me will lead the tunnel down a twisting road of bureaucracy and corporate tin rattling from which it might never feasibly return. The price of producing a prototype version of one of the eight drills necessary to cut this long path under the narrowest portion of the Mediterranean is, alone, canada goose outlet england put at 32million. canada goose clearance

canada goose clearance sale Then there are the physical issues. While the tunnel would be shorter than its siblings in Japan, and between Folkestone and the Pas de Calais, the state of the seabed between Spain and Morocco is a cause for concern. Surveys of the shortest line of construction have identified two distinct zones of about 2.5 miles (4km) in length canada goose parka outlet where the predominant soil, difficult to build through, is soft clay. SECEGSA, supported by researchers at the University of Zurich and the German tunnel boring company Herrenknecht, says that this is not insurmountable but it will make for another likely delay in a tricky process. canada goose clearance sale

uk canada goose There are other complications. At its current proposed length, the angle of the tunnel as it emerges onto each landmass would be around three per cent too steep for the high speed rail line canada goose outlet vancouver that would be the main point of constructing it. To achieve a flatter curve, and canada goose factory outlet vancouver the angle of 1.2 per cent which is generally considered to be the maximum for technologically advanced train services, the tunnel would need to be rather longer. uk canada goose

buy canada goose jacket cheap Finally, there is a blunt but not entirely unreasonable question. Why bother? The canada goose outlet in toronto Strait of Gibraltar canada goose outlet in new york is already ably served by ferries and boats chugging from Algeciras canada goose outlet london uk (in Spain) canada goose outlet store near me to Tangier Med (in Morocco). Indeed, the Moroccan government has pumped enormous sums into Tangier Med, a port which now has a cargo capacity of eight million containers. Would an underwater train link complement this growing harbour’s efforts, take work away from it or be rendered a white elephant by its prior existence? buy canada goose jacket cheap

Canada Goose Coats On Sale For all this, however, there canada goose outlet store montreal is something canada goose outlet black friday sale eternally evocative about a canada goose jacket outlet uk tangible link between continents an idea which conjures dreams canada goose outlet toronto address of long journeys to distant places. Canada Goose Coats On Sale

Canada Goose Parka Not least because such connections scarcely exist. Beyond the Bosphorus Bridge, which soars between the European and Asian sides of Istanbul, there are no clear locations where you can make such a leap. Cartographers can argue as much as they wish about the precise junction boxes which glue Asia to Africa and South America to canada goose outlet legit its Northern counterpart, but political and geographical obstacles mean that you cannot currently without a great deal of trouble, move from the Gaza Strip to Egypt, nor along the Darien Gap between Panama and Colombia (even if the risk of being kidnapped in the latter region has lessened a little this decade, the heavily rainforested landscape means that no roads, including the great Pan American Highway, currently cross the isthmus). Canada Goose Parka

canadian goose canada goose outlet hong kong jacket A tunnel between Tarifa and Tangier Med (or wherever. The precise route of the project has not been specified) would be the sort of reinvention of the wheel about which Jules Verne might have waxed lyrical 148 years ago (when Twenty Thousand Leagues. was published); a figment of fancy that canada goose uk site would let you disappear under the skin of the planet in Andalusia and emerge a few minutes later on the continent of lions and Leptis Magna. canadian goose jacket

canada goose uk outlet Of course, Libya’s most celebrated Roman site drags the idea back to the hard truths of the early 21st century. Even if you took the train to Morocco from Spain, you would struggle to venture much further. Algeria, directly to the east, is a big question mark in canada goose outlet uk sale terms of travel (the Foreign and Commonwealth Office currently warns of the high risk of terrorism), and Libya, beyond, is an obvious no go zone while canada goose outlet online store review progress south is limited by the undying sands of the Sahara Desert and the disputed status of Western Sahara (which Morocco claims, without international recognition) canada goose uk outlet.

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